Bravo Garrido, a Captain and pilot for BAVE (Spanish acronym
for Aviation Brigade of the Chilean Army) has just published
a new book, Ufología Aeronáutica, with the
subtitle of A New Concept in UFO Studies. As
show by the title, the book deals with pilot UFO encounters,
discussing in detail a total of 23 cases in which Unidentified
Aerial Phenomena (UAP) was reported by pilots or air traffic
control personnel. 11 cases occurred in Chile and 12 in
other countries (Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil,
Colombia, France, Iran and USA). The book, coauthored with
paleontologist Juan Castillo and published by Mago Editores,
was released last Thursday November 4th at the Book Fair
Bravo is not an unknown figure in American or international
ufology. He was one of many officials who talked at the
famous National Press Club (NPC) event in Washington,
DC in November of 2007, organized by filmmaker James Fox
and journalist Leslie Kean. Bravo outlined a few aviation
cases in Chile at this event, including a near-collision
incident with a Boeing 737 airliner on a final approach
to the runway at the El Tepual Airport in Puerto Montt
City in 1988, and a radar-visual sighting in 2000.
The crew of a Chilean plane from the Aviation branch
of the Army, flying south of Santiago, stated Bravo
at the NPC, observed a long cigar-shaped object,
a brilliant gray. It flew parallel to the right side of
the aircraft for two minutes and then disappeared at a
very high speed. This objet was detected by the radar
of the Control Center of Santiago which notified the crew
minutes before the incident.
Bravo was also one of the nineteen contributors who wrote
essays for Leslie Keans recent bestselling book,
UFOs Generals, Pilots, and Government Officials
Go On the Record (Harmony Books), reviewed earlier in
this website by this author. He is, in fact, the only
one still in active service. What is interesting is that
he became involved with UFOs as part of an official military
assignment. In his essay for Keans book, Aeronautics
Research of the UFO Phenomenon and the Problem with Science,
Capt. Bravo wrote that in 2000, at the age of twenty-four,
I was training to become a military pilot. For my thesis,
submitted the following year, I was assigned to pursue
research into anomalous aerial phenomena in order to determine
their affect and impact on aerospace security. The aviation
branch of the Army of Chile, BAVE, had in its files many
reports from military pilots describing incidents during
flight involving aerial phenomena that did not correspond
to normal air traffic. These incidents posed a potential
threat to air safety. Later in the essay, Bravo
added that after conducting this investigation,
I concluded in my thesis that UFOs are physically real
and their presence in our skies is concrete. However,
difficulties arise when we try to study their behavior,
because of the complexity of the phenomenon and because
of our inability to predict UFO events.
has now expanded his thesis into a full book, where he
can analyze in detail 23 aeronautical cases and their
implications to air flight security. He also criticizes
the poor standards of many ufologists who tend to lump
all UAPs indiscriminately with the possibility of
extraterrestrial life. This can detour
serious research and lead instead to the explosive
growth of new ideologies, movements, cults and others
who take anomalous aerial phenomena even further away
from its real context for reasons of financial gain.
During the release of his book at Santiagos Book
Fair, Bravo added that the scientific community
has avoided for decades dealing with this subject because
those who investigate it dont necessarily have sufficient
knowledge to interpret the available data. Although
true in many cases, this statement is somewhat unfair
since, given the reluctance by scientists and official
institutions to get involved with UFO research, ufologists
are simply filling a voidfor better or worse. That
was precisely the comment made by journalist and ufologist
Juan Andrés Salfate at the Book Fair event. The
subject doesnt have an owner, the worse that can
happen is that it remains in the military and scientific
field, said Salfate.
AERIAL ENCOUNTERS CLASSIFICATION
an effort to improve the quality of the research, Capt.
Bravo proposes in Ufología Aeronáutica an
expanded terminology for pilots cases based on Dr. Hyneks
famous Close Encounters classification. These
Encounter of the First Kind, in which the pilot, the crew
and the passengers, as well as ATC (Air Traffic Control)
personnel only see an object or a light at a relative
distance from the aircraft, which provokes alarm or discomfort
to the crew or personnel in the control facility.
Encounter of the Second Kind, in which besides the elements
cited above, the object or objects are detected by ground
radar or aircraft radar.
Encounter of the Third Kind, in which besides the near
or far presence of an object, it causes an interference
with onboard [aircraft] instruments, which constitutes
a danger for the normal flight operation of an aircraft.
Encounter of the Fourth Kind is that in which, following
all the events cited above, an aircraft is obliged to
make an evasive maneuver to avoid a collision with the
Encounter of the Fifth Kind would be that in which, following
all the events cited above, a combat aircraft is obliged
to have a military engagement with the object in question.
PUERTO MONTT NEAR COLLISION CASE
of the Chilean cases discussed in Capt. Bravos book
is a near-collision case between an airliner and a UFO
in 1988 near the El Tepual airport in Puerto Montt, a
city in southern Chile. This is an AE-IV according to
Bravos new classification. The case was actually
revealed many years ago in Información Aeronáutica,
the official magazine of Chiles General Administration
of Civil Aeronautics (DGAC, the equivalent of our FAA).
The report and transcript of the radio communications
between the pilot and the control tower was written by
Air Traffic Controller Gustavo Rodríguez Navarro,
who later became Secretary of CEFAA, the Chilean governments
Committee for the Study of Anomalous Aerial Phenomena,
which is under the DGAC. The incident in question occurred
on June 1, 1988 as Chilean Air Lines (LAN) Boeing 737
flight 045 (La045) was approaching the El Tepual airport.
Here is an excerpt of the radio transcript around midnight
between La045 and ACC (Area Control Center):
Puerto Montt Center, can you tell me if you have some
traffic in front of you?
[Area Control Center]: Confirm what?
Just in front
I have an airplane just in front!
Listen, I have an airplane, I have a light here in front,
right on our flight path.
controller looked out the window and saw indeed a
white light coming to the airport from the north.
He followed the lights path for about 5 minutes
and at one point was able to see the object closer: This
object came to about 1500 meters from my position, always
to the north and that was the nearest I saw it
could observe some flashes of light coming from the lower
part, which lighted the lower part or base of the object;
I had the impression that this lower part was flat and
with a metallic aspect; I estimate that it was circular
and with a diameter of about 60 meters.
the communication between La045 and ACC was becoming frantic.
The pilot mentioned four times the words, I had
a near collision, and the supervising controller
at the Tower also saw the object with binoculars. Another
sample from the transcript:
Do you still have the traffic in sight, or not?
I am losing it and according to the
the radar is
not detecting the traffic.
At the moment, I dont
see it, but it was on a collision path with us.
I am seeing it again.
There, I can see it again, to the right, to the right,
I am seeing it!
045 landed in Puerto Montt without further disturbances.
The pilots language on the tape was uninhibited,
excited and with Chilean slang, like that of someone who
has just lived an intense experience. The fact that the
UFO was simultaneously observed by the crew and from the
ground leaves little doubt that this was a real object.