Fabrice Vallée (born September 24, 1939 in Pontoise,
Val-d'Oise, France) is a venture
ufologist and former astronomer currently residing in San
mainstream science, Vallée is notable for co-developing
the first computerized mapping of Mars for NASA and for
his work at SRI International in creating ARPANET, a precursor
to the modern Internet. Vallée is also an important
figure in the study of unidentified flying objects (UFOs),
first noted for a defense of the scientific legitimacy
of the extraterrestrial hypothesis and later for promoting
the interdimensional hypothesis.
was born in Pontoise, France. He received his Bachelor
of Science degree in mathematics from the Sorbonne, followed
by his Master of Science in astrophysics from the University
of Lille. He began his professional life as an astronomer
at the Paris Observatory in 1961. He was awarded the Jules
Verne Prize for his first science-fiction novel in French.
moved to the United States in 1962 and began working in
astronomy at the University of Texas at Austin, at whose
MacDonald Observatory he worked on NASA's first project
making a detailed informational map of Mars.
1967, Vallée received
a Ph.D. in Computer Science from Northwestern University.
While at the Institute for the Future from 1972 to 1976,
he was a principal investigator on the large NSF project
for computer networking, which developed one of the first
conferencing systems, Planning Network (PLANET), on the
ARPANET many years before the Internet was formed.
has also served on the National Advisory Committee of
the University of Michigan College of Engineering and
was involved in early work on Artificial Intelligence.
has authored four books on high technology, including
Computer Message Systems,
The Network Revolution,
and The Heart of the Internet.
with his mentor, astronomer J.
Allen Hynek, Vallée carefully studied
the phenomenon of UFOs for many years and served as the
real-life model for the character portrayed by François
Truffaut in Steven
Spielbergs film Close
Encounters of the Third Kind.
research has taken him to countries all over the world.
Considered one of the leading experts in UFO phenomena,
Vallée has written several scientific books on
current endeavours include his involvement in SBV Ventures,
a venture capital fund as a general partner. He and the
other general partner, Graham Burnette on SBV are also
in the early stages of launching a second venture capital
is married and has two children.
venture capitalist since 1982, Vallée has co-founded
four venture capital funds, notably the Euro-America family
of venture partnerships, specializing in high technology.
As a general partner in these funds, he has spearheaded
early-stage investments in over 60 startup companies,
18 of which have become traded on the public markets,
either through IPOs or acquisitions. They include:
Accuray Systems (Nasdaq:ARAY) a medical device
company developing surgical robots
Sangstat Medical (acquired by Genzyme) specialized
in organ transplantation therapy
Mercury Interactive (acquired in 2006 by HP) a
software testing company
Electronics for Imaging (Nasdaq:EFII)
Harmonic Lightwaves (Nasdaq:HLIT)
Class Data Systems (acquired by Cisco)
Ubique (acquired by AOL)
Mobilian (acquired by Intel)
Nanogram Devices (acquired by Greatbatch) a nanotechnology
research and academic work
May 1955, Vallée first sighted an unidentified
flying object over his Pontoise home. Six years later
in 1961, while working on the staff of the French Space
Committee, Vallée witnessed the destruction of
the tracking tapes of an unknown object orbiting the earth.
The particular object was a retrograde satellite
that is, a satellite orbiting the earth in the opposite
direction to the earth's rotation. At the time he observed
this, there were no rockets powerful enough to launch
such a satellite, so the team was quite excited as they
assumed that the Earth's gravity had captured a natural
satellite (asteroid). A superior came and erased the tape.
These events contributed to Vallée's long-standing
interest in the UFO phenomenon.
the mid-1960s, like many other UFO researchers, Vallée
initially attempted to validate the popular Extraterrestrial
Leading UFO researcher Jerome Clark argues that Vallée's
first two UFO books were among the most scientifically
sophisticated defenses of the ETH ever mounted.
by 1969, Vallée's conclusions had changed, and
he publicly stated that the ETH was too narrow and ignored
too much data. Vallée began exploring the commonalities
between UFOs, cults, religious movements, demons, angels,
ghosts, cryptid sightings, and psychic phenomena. Speculation
about these potential links were first detailed in Vallée's
third UFO book, Passport to Magonia:
From Folklore to Flying Saucers.
an alternative to the extraterrestrial visitation hypothesis,
Vallée has suggested a multidimensional visitation
hypothesis. This hypothesis represents an extension of
the ETH where the alleged extraterrestrials could be potentially
from anywhere. The entities could be multidimensional
beyond space-time, and thus could coexist with humans,
yet remain undetected.
opposition to the popular ETH hypothesis was not well
received by prominent U.S. ufologists, hence he was viewed
as something of an outcast. Indeed, Vallée refers
to himself as a "heretic among heretics".
opposition to the ETH theory is summarised in his paper,
Arguments Against the Extraterrestrial Origin of Unidentified
Flying Objects", Journal
of Scientific Exploration, 1990:
Scientific opinion has generally followed public opinion
in the belief that unidentified flying objects either
do not exist (the "natural phenomena hypothesis")
or, if they do, must represent evidence of a visitation
by some advanced race of space travellers (the extraterrestrial
hypothesis or "ETH"). It is the view of the
author that research on UFOs need not be restricted to
these two alternatives. On the contrary, the accumulated
data base exhibits several patterns tending to indicate
that UFOs are real, represent a previously unrecognized
phenomenon, and that the facts do not support the common
concept of "space visitors." Five specific arguments
articulated here contradict the ETH:
1. unexplained close encounters are far more numerous
than required for any physical survey of the earth;
2. the humanoid body structure of the alleged "aliens"
is not likely to have originated on another planet and
is not biologically adapted to space travel;
3. the reported behavior in thousands of abduction reports
contradicts the hypothesis of genetic or scientific experimentation
on humans by an advanced race;
4. the extension of the phenomenon throughout recorded
human history demonstrates that UFOs are not a contemporary
5. the apparent ability of UFOs to manipulate space and
time suggests radically different and richer alternatives.
has contributed to the investigation of the Miracle at
Fatima and Marian apparitions. His work has been used
to support the Fatima UFO Hypothesis. Vallée is
one of the first people to speculate publicly about the
possibility that the "solar dance" at Fatima
was a UFO. The idea of UFOs was not unknown in 1917, but
most of the people in attendance at the Fatima apparitions
would not have attributed the claimed phenomena there
to UFOs, let alone to extraterrestrials. Vallée
has also speculated about the possibility that other religious
apparitions may have been the result of UFO activity including
Our Lady of Lourdes and the revelations to Joseph Smith.
Vallée and other researchers have advocated further
study of unusual phenomena in the academic community.
They don't believe that this should be handled solely
the Steven Spielberg film Close
Encounters of the Third Kind, Vallée
served as the model for the French researcher character,
Lacombe (François Truffaut).
1979, Robert Emenegger and Alan Sandler updated their
1974 UFOs, Past, Present and
Future documentary with new 1979 footage narrated
by Jacques Vallée. The updated version is entitled
UFOs: It Has Begun.
Vallée attempted to interest Spielberg in an alternative
explanation for the phenomenon. In an interview on Conspire.com,
Vallée said, "I argued with him that the
subject was even more interesting if it wasn't extraterrestrials.
If it was real, physical, but not ET. So he said, 'You're
probably right, but that's not what the public is expecting
this is Hollywood and I want to give people something
that's close to what they expect.'"
of the UFO evidence
proposes that there is a genuine UFO phenomenon, partly
associated with a form of non-human consciousness that
manipulates space and time. The phenomenon has been active
throughout human history, and seems to masquerade in various
forms to different cultures. In his opinion, the intelligence
behind the phenomenon attempts social manipulation by
using deception on the humans with whom they interact.
also proposes that a secondary aspect of the UFO phenomenon
involves human manipulation by humans. Witnesses of UFO
phenomena undergo a manipulative and staged spectacle,
meant to alter their belief system, and eventually, influence
human society by suggesting alien intervention from outer
space. The ultimate motivation for this deception is probably
a projected major change of human society, the breaking
down of old belief systems and the implementation of new
ones. Vallée states that the evidence, if carefully
analysed, suggests an underlying plan for the deception
of mankind by means of unknown, highly advanced methods.
Vallee states that it is highly unlikely that governments
actually conceal alien evidence, as the popular myth suggests.
Rather, it is much more likely that that is exactly what
the manipulators want us to believe. Vallée feels
the entire subject of UFOs is mystified by charlatans
and science fiction. He advocates a stronger and more
serious involvement of science in the UFO research and
debate. Only this can reveal the true
nature of the UFO phenomenon.
of UFO investigative efforts
is often highly critical of UFO investigators overall,
both believers and skeptics, asserting that what often
passes for an acceptable level of investigation in a UFO
context would be considered sloppy and seriously inadequate
investigation in other fields. He has pointed out logical
flaws and methodological flaws common in such research.
Unlike many critics of UFO investigative efforts, his
critiques are not condescending and dismissive and he
indicates that he is simply interested in good science.
regarding the UFO subculture
expresses concern about the often authoritarian political
and religious views expressed by many contactees. Amongst
the groups profiled are the nascent Raëlian movement
and an early form of the Heaven's Gate suicide cult, against
which Vallée prophetically warned potential converts,
"you only risk your life!" He also argues that
Scientology is another example of a UFO cult which has
organized itself as a religious organization.
Jacques (January 2001). Four
Elements of Financial Alchemy: A New Formula for Personal
Prosperity, The (1st ed. (paperback) ed.).
Ten Speed Press. p. 195 pp.. ISBN 1-58008-218-1.
Vallée, Jacques; Tormé, Tracy (June
(paperback (novel) ed.). Berkeley, California, U.S.A.:
Publ. Frog Ltd.. p. 220 pp.. ISBN 1-883319-43-9.
Vallée, Jacques (January 2006) (in Français).
(paperback (novel) ed.). p. 256 pp.. ISBN 2-84187-777-9.
Vallée, Jacques (July 2007). Stratagem
(hardcover (novel) ed.). p. 220 pp.. ISBN 978-0-615-15642-2.
Vallée has also written four science fiction novels,
two under the pseudonym of Jérôme Sériel:
Le Satellite Sombre
[The Dark Satellite] (1963)
Jacques Vallée) (1986) (provided partial basis
La Mémoire de Markov
(as Jacques Vallée)
Computer Message Systems
(hardcover ed. ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill (Data Communications
Book Series). August 1984. p. 163 pp.. ISBN 0-07-051031-8.
Johansen, Robert; Valles, Jacques and Spangler,
Kathi (July 1979). Electronic
Meetings: Technical Alternatives (1st ed. hardcover
(Addison-Wesley Series on Decision Support) ed.). Addison-Wesley
Publ. Co., Inc.. p. 244 pp.. ISBN 0-201-03478-6.
The Network Revolution
The Heart of the Internet
Anatomy of a phenomenon: unidentified
objects in space a scientific appraisal
(1st (hardcover) ed.). NTC/Contemporary Publishing. January
1965. ISBN 0-8092-9888-0.
Reissue: UFO's In Space: Anatomy
of A Phenomenon (reissue (paperback) ed.).
Ballantine Books. April 1987. p. 284. ISBN 0-345-34437-5.
Challenge to Science:
The UFO Enigma with Janine Vallée
Passport to Magonia: From
Folklore to Flying Saucers. Chicago, IL, U.S.A.:
Publ. Henry Regnery Co.. 1969.
The Invisible College:
What a Group of Scientists Has Discovered About UFO Influences
on the Human Race (1st ed. ed.). 1975.
The Edge of Reality
Jacques Vallée and Dr. J. Allen Hynek (1975)
Messengers of Deception:
UFO Contacts and Cults (paperback ed.). Ronin
Publ.. June 1979. p. 243. ISBN 0-915904-38-1.
Dimensions: A Casebook
of Alien Contact (1st ed.). Contemporary Books.
April 1988. p. 304. ISBN 0-8092-4586-8.
A Scientist's Search for Alien Contact (1st
ed.). Ballantine Books. March 1990. p. 263 hardcover.
Revelations: Alien Contact
and Human Deception (1st ed.). Ballantine Books.
September 1991. p. 273 hardcover. ISBN 0-345-37172-0.
UFO Chronicles of the
Soviet Union: A Cosmic Samizdat (1992)
Forbidden Science: Journals,
Wonders in the Sky: Unexplained
Aerial Objects from Antiquity to Modern Times
(1st ed.). Tarcher. October 2010. p. 528 paperback. ISBN
Arguments Against the Extraterrestrial Origin of Unidentified
Flying Objects Jacques Vallée,
Cases of Unexplained Aerial Objects with Defined Luminosity
Characteristics Jacques Vallée,
Analyses in Ten Cases of Unexplained Aerial Objects with
Material Samples Jacques Vallée,
Report from the Field: Scientific Issues in the
UFO Phenomenon Jacques Vallée, Ph.D.
Circles: Signs From Above or Human Artifacts?
Jacques Vallée, Ph.D.
UFO Events related to Sidereal Time Arguments against
a proposed correlation Jacques Vallée,