S. Truman (May 8, 1884 December 26, 1972) was the
33rd President of the United States (19451953).
The final running mate of President Franklin D. Roosevelt
in 1944, Truman succeeded to the presidency on April 12,
1945, when Roosevelt died after months of declining health.
Under Truman, the U.S. successfully concluded World War
II; in the aftermath of the conflict, tensions with the
Soviet Union increased, marking the start of the Cold
President of the United States
was born in Missouri, and spent most of his youth on his
family's farm. During World War I, Truman served in combat
in France as an artillery officer in his National Guard
unit. After the war, he briefly owned a haberdashery and
joined the Democratic Party political machine of Tom Pendergast
in Kansas City, Missouri. He was first elected to public
office as a county official, and in 1935 became U.S. senator.
He gained national prominence as head of the wartime Truman
Committee, which exposed waste, fraud, and corruption
in wartime contracts.
Germany surrendered a few weeks after Truman assumed the
Presidency, the war with Japan was expected to last another
year or more. Truman ordered the use of atomic weapons
against Japan, intending to force Japan's surrender and
spare American lives in an invasion; the decision remains
controversial. His presidency was a turning point in foreign
affairs, as the nation supported an internationalist foreign
policy in conjunction with European allies. Working closely
with Congress, Truman assisted in the founding of the
United Nations, issued the Truman Doctrine to contain
communism, and passed the $13 billion Marshall Plan to
rebuild Europe, including the Axis Powers of both World
Wars, whereas the wartime Ally Soviet Union became the
peacetime enemy, and the Cold War began.
part of the U.S. Cold War strategy, Truman signed the
National Security Act of 1947 and reorganized military
forces by merging the Department of War and the Department
of the Navy into the National Military Establishment (later
the Department of Defense) and creating the U.S. Air Force.
The act also created the CIA and the National Security
oversaw the Berlin Airlift in 1948 and the creation of
NATO in 1949. When communist North Korea invaded South
Korea in 1950, he immediately sent in U.S. troops and
gained UN approval for the Korean War. After initial success,
the UN forces were thrown back by Chinese intervention
and the conflict was stalemated through the final years
of Truman's presidency. On domestic issues, bills endorsed
by Truman often faced opposition from a Congress controlled
by Republicans, but his administration successfully guided
the American economy through a post-war recession and
started the racial integration of the military.
in Truman's administration, which was linked to certain
members in the cabinet and senior White House staff, was
a central issue in the 1952 presidential campaign which
Adlai Stevenson, Truman's successor as Democratic nominee,
lost to Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower. Popular and scholarly
assessments of his presidency were initially negative,
but eventually became more positive after his retirement
from politics. Truman's 1948 election upset for his full
term as president is routinely invoked by underdog candidates.
Harry Truman is the first President to have to deal with
the UFO phenomena publicly. There may have been sightings
and/or UFO crashes before Truman, but nothing that had
to be dealt with publicly. More importantly, Truman was
the first President who had to deal with the public relations
problems that go along with the UFO phenomena.
from the start, there was secrecy surrounding the flying
saucer subject that seemed to be orchestrated by the government
overseen by President Truman. Truman was in fact the President
who setup structure of the present intelligence system,
and made it a tool for use by future Presidents. In 1946
he set up the Central Intelligence Group, which became
the Central Intelligence Agency in 1947. He was the first
President in history to get a daily intelligence report
(now know as the President Daily Briefing) to bring him
up to date on the latest intelligence developments. In
1951, Truman created the Office of Current Intelligence,
and in 1952 the National Security Agency.
elected, Truman set out to reconstruct the intelligence
system. He believed that it had been a fragmented array
of intelligence agencies run by each department. Each
department "walled itself off" from other agencies
to protect what it had. It was impossible for the President
to get behind each wall and gather up the intelligence
that he needed. His plan, still in place today, was to
create one Director of Central Intelligence, whose job
it was to gather up all the intelligence and report it
back to the President.
is little doubt that in these early years, Truman was
very aware and in total control of the UFO situation.
has always been a controversy as to what President Trumans
views were on "flying saucers," as they were
called during the tenure of his administration. Truman
was not an elected President, taking over May 2, 1945.
UFO researchers who were around at the time felt that
President Truman had very negative opinions about flying
saucers. One of these is James W. Moseley, who published
a magazine in the 1950's called Saucer News. "In
our two meetings with Truman," said Moseley,
"he definitely expressed negative opinions about
had a brief private meeting with Truman in 1954,"
continued Moseley, "after he was out of office,
and the quote he gave us regarding flying saucers was
simply Ive never seen a purple cow, I hope
never to see one...He refused to add to that statement.
Several years later, we attended a Truman press conference
(not at the White House), and received similar negative
responses from the ex-president in answer to our UFO-related
made at the Truman archives tend to agree with Moseleys
view that "obviously Truman did not believe that
they do exist." The library claims to have no documents
at all on UFOs. Taking Trumans statements to Moseley,
or the Truman Librarys statements at face value
would mean that Truman was totally out of the loop on
the flying saucers that were being written about in newspapers
during his administration.
closer view of the literature of the late 40's when Truman
was President, and a close review of the documents at
the Truman Library, show that Truman was very interested
and involved in the UFO situation. What he stated in public
to Moseley may just have been a put-off to avoid getting
pulled into a public discussion about UFOs, which has
always been a no-win situation.