M. Deschamps - Director
of Terminology and Abbreviations
Ontario, STAR, 30 October 1989, page 5
from wind - or aliens?
By BEN DOBBIN
LONDON - Scotland may have its Loch Ness Monster, but England
has its crop-field rings.
Perfectly neat swirls of flattened crops, three to 30 metres
in diameter, show up in the farmlands of southern England
each year and have intrigued researchers for a decade.
The geometric formations, found amid otherwise undisturbed
crops, have yielded a maze of interpretations: electrically
charged spinning balls of air, tiny holes in the ozone layer,
rutting deer, flying saucers, helicopters flying upside-down,
even herds of demented hedgehogs rotating in unison.
Hoaxes have been effectively ruled out. If animals are to
blame, they leave no trail of bent or broken stems.
Violent storms or whirlwinds don't create the precise patterns
of crops crushed flat with the tautness of thatch.
Crops are never damaged and continue to ripen until harvest.
More than 600 of the mysterious configurations have been
recorded since 1980 in fields of grass, barley, oats or
wheat, as well as in stretches of sand, soil and snow. Of
this summer's 270, two-thirds appeared in a zone 2.5 kilometres
square near Avebury in Wiltshire's rural terrain, including
28 in one field.
Terrence Meaden, a physicist, is convinced they are caused
by a previously unknown vortex, an inverse "dust devil"
that, instead of sucking the surface, slams violently down
Serious research into the circles mystery began in 1980,
four years after the first recorded sighting at Headbourne
Worthy in Hampshire.
A circle 4.2 metres in diameter with a 30-centimetre outer
ring, appeared one morning this past August on Fred Cullimore's
77-hectare wheat farm near Bath in southwest England.
In his book The Circle Effect And Its Mysteries, physicist
Meaden speculates that an unusual atmospheric disturbance
generated by winds passing over a hill in south England's
undulating landscape creates a spinning ball of air highly
charged with electricity. It eventually plunges downward
and leaves its uniform mark, he thinks.
Summer-long attempts to photograph the phenomenon have all
been in vain. One group of 50 scientists and engineers armed
with high-tech sensors and scanners settled down for a night-long
vigil in June and, when dawn broke, discovered an elaborate
pattern had formed directly behind their camp.
was as though some intelligence was saying: 'So you think
you can pin us down!'" says Pat Delgado.
Ontario, STAR, 21 August 1990, page A2
circles appear in Manitoba
WINNIPEG (CP) - A circle that flattened part of a wheat
field is similar to those found in England, says a spokesman
for the Centre for UFO Studies.
The 20-metre circle flattened the wheat in a counter-clockwise
direction, said Chris Rutkowski, who viewed the mysterious
ring just west of Winnipeg near the Trans-Canada Highway.
Ontario, STAR, 8 September 1990, page A2
rings just won't quit
SASKATOON (CP) - Strange circular patterns of flattened
wheat in a field north of Prince Albert have some local
residents worrying about flying saucers.
the risk of sounding like a loonie-bird, I'd say we've been
visited by extra-terrestrials," said area resident
The neat, symmetrical patterns were discovered last week
in farmer Ray Fisher's field, about 48 kilometres northwest
of Prince Albert in northern Saskatchewan.
baffling part is that the dirt under them (the circles)
has not been disturbed. It looks as though there's been
no weight on the circles. There's no indentations on the
dirt," Roth said.
Ripened wheat was bent over about five centimetres from
the ground in a clockwise direction. The wheat was not damaged
in any way.
One set of three concentric circles is almost 18 metres
across with two, two-metre circles nearby. A second pattern,
about 120 metres away, has only one ring around a centre
There are no tracks leading to the patterns.
Roth doesn't think the wheat was flattened by the wind.
The markings are too orderly. But he doesn't rule out the
possibility of secret government experiments.
Fisher called the RCMP after discovering the patterns while
swathing. But no investigation was held because officers
were unable to find Fisher's field.
Don Friesen, an amateur astronomer and vice-president of
the Saskatoon chapter of the Royal Astronomical Society
of Canada, examined the circles on Friday.
think they could be left by extra-terrestrial spacecraft,"
Chris Rutkowski, a civilian UFO researcher in Winnipeg,
said the patterns sound similar to at least six such rings
found in Manitoba in the last two weeks.
Rutkowski has contacted groups in England who are studying
some of the more than 1,000 such patterns that have appeared
there this summer.
Ontario, STAR, 2 October 1990, page A2
no! Not more circles
SASKATOON (CP) - More mysterious circles have turned up
in Saskatchewan wheat fields, leaving scientists baffled
by the strange markings and people thinking of visitors
from outer space.
The most recent markings, discovered two weeks ago near
Meath Park, Sask., are attracting a steady flow of curious
people to the fields. Meath Park is about 150 kilometres
northeast of Saskatoon.
more than strange that we've been growing grain for centuries
and it has only been in the past three or four years these
have appeared," said Herman Austenson, a professor
of crop sciences at the University of Saskatchewan.
Clarence Brule, who discovered the Meath Park circles, and
Austenson aren't buying explanations the circles are the
work of pranksters or weird weather patterns.
believe they were made by some kind of craft. . .extra-terrestrial
or army," Brule said.
He said there are two circles - one inside the other, with
the largest about three metres in diameter.
The circles are considerably larger - but of a similar nature
- to one found by farmer Mike Shawaga, about two weeks ago
near Alvena 30 kilometres northeast of Saskatoon. And in
late August, a farmer about 180 kilometres northwest of
Saskatoon discovered a series of neat, symmetrical patterns
in his field.
One set of three concentric circles was about 18 metres
across with two, two-metre circles nearby. There were no
tracks leading from the circles and there were no depressions
in the earth.
Brule said there were no tracks near the most recently discovered
were so well defined - they went from standing stubble to
He said the earth below was not compressed.
seems something hovered there. Anything with weight would
compress the earth."
Brule said he had a call from a researcher in Winnipeg,
but no one in the scientific field has come to look at the
(the circle) definitely isn't normal," said Austenson,
who has studied grain fields for 40 years.
don't think whirlwinds would do it. They've been around
for decades and have never done anything like this."
This past year circles have been found in at least three
locations in northern Saskatchewan and another half-dozen
Scientists are also studying similar occurrences in England
and Australia. More than 1,000 circular patterns have been
discovered in England.
Ontario, STAR, 29 August 1991, page B2
DOWN: Farmers just minutes from Calgary discovered circles
in their fields Wednesday. There is no reasonable explanation
for the circles, so Gordon Kijak from the Alberta UFO study
group flew in from Edmonton to have a look.
Ontario, STAR, 4 September 1991, page A4
circles defy any explanation
LETHBRIDGE, Alta. (CP) - The mystery is growing as peculiar
circle patterns continue to turn up in southern Alberta
crop fields with no apparent cause.
Two new sites of crop circles were discovered near the city
of Lethbridge over the weekend.
One site was discovered near an animal disease research
institute about five kilometres west of the city Saturday.
Three circles were then found on a farm Sunday, with connecting
pathways, about three kilometres southeast of the site discovered
Farmer Jenny Skinner said a man combining a wheat field
she leases from the city came upon the circles - two of
them four metres in diameter, and a third, two-metre circle
- all connected by narrow trails.
makes me nervous," Skinner said Tuesday. "I don't
think I want to be alone out here at night any more. We've
farmed this land since 1960 and we've never seen anything
you'll find a spot where a deer has lain down, and you can
see the footprints, but that's completely different."
That makes four crop-circle sites which have turned up in
southern Alberta in the last few weeks. The first, on Aug.
21, was in a wheat field just north of the Lethbridge city
Gordon Kijek, director of a UFO study group based in Edmonton,
investigated the north Lethbridge site and a subsequent
finding a few days later of larger circles near Okotoks,
a community about 20 kilometres south of Calgary.
He said samples of grain and earth taken from the first
two sites are being tested by Alberta Agriculture and a
UFO research facility in Winnipeg.
He said several people who visited the north Lethbridge
site reported headaches afterward, but added he didn't experience
Ontario, STAR, 2 July 1992, page 4
circles now take U-shape
ST. ADOLPHE, Man. (CP) - Those confounding crop circles
are back but this time they're in the shape of horseshoes.
Roberta Younger said Wednesday she and her husband Wilfred
were astounded when they saw the flattened U-shapes in a
field outside their trailer near St. Adolphe, just south
was just making coffee and looking out the kitchen window
when he saw it," Roberta Younger said.
called me over to see if he was seeing things, but he wasn't."
Ontario, STAR, 16 July 1994, page A4
circles appear in farmer's field
From the ground, it is difficult to tell
how the wheat was flattened
MALDEN CENTRE, Ont. (CP) - Pranksters or aliens? You be
A bizarre pattern in a wheat field in southwestern Ontario
has more than a few people wondering.
The strange symbol appeared in a field farmed by brothers
Darwin and Gerry Wismer some time in the past week and was
noticed by neighbor Jon Parks as he passed by Tuesday.
could see the wheat was down so I stopped to take a look.
That's when I saw it was pushed down cleanly," Parks
Parks drove on and later called a local newspaper to report
the phenomenon. By Thursday afternoon, a crowd of perplexed
locals had gathered at the site, about 25 kilometres south
never seen anything like it," said Parks. "If
someone did this they went to an awful lot of trouble."
When local businessman Barry Purdie arrived with his 30-metre
boom truck for an aerial view, things really got interesting.
From the air, the perfect symmetry of the figure became
hard to believe that this was done by people," said
Matt Parlette, who took a camera aloft for a bird's eye
The Wismers toured the site briefly, shrugged, and declined
to comment. Then they set off to get their combine. This
was one crop circle that would have a short life span.
The circle was granted a reprieve a short time later when
a moisture test showed the wheat was still too wet to harvest.
The brothers hope to finish the combining in a few days
if the weather holds.
From the ground, it is difficult to tell how the wheat was
There was no trail leading to the scene from a nearby road,
no evidence of any vehicle or mechanical device, and no
obvious footprints in the dry, hard soil.
The figure is based on a central corridor, 2.5 metres wide
and about 50 metres long.
At each end are concentric circles, the largest about 15
metres in diameter. Several T-shaped figures are attached
to the main figure and several more circular marks about
two metres in diameter have been formed.
When provincial police Sgt. Bob Wollison arrived, his first
concern was for the wheat trampled by onlookers.
don't like people knocking down their crops," he said.
But after an inspection of the site, Wollison was as perplexed
as anyone else. He leans towards the mischievous teenagers
that Boblo Island (an amusement park) is closed, there's
an awful lot of kids around with nothing to do," he
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