M. Deschamps - Director
of Terminology and Abbreviations
Ste. Marie, Ontario, DAILY STAR, 4 April 1950, Page 1
NAVY DENIES LATEST FLYING SAUCER REPORT
WASHINGTON - (AP) - The United States navy says, in comment
on the latest flying saucer report: (1) It has not developed
any pancake-shaped jet planes and (2) it is not experimenting
with any saucer-shaped missile.
A navy spokesman commented Monday night on an article in
U.S. news and world report which said engineers have concluded
that the oft-reported saucers are jet-powered planes of
a new design developed by the navy. The magazine said the
saucers may have sprung from experiments by Charles H. Zimmerman
for the national advisory committee for aeronautics.
At Langley air force base in Virginia, Zimmerman said he
worked on an experimental pancake-shaped model plane during
the war - which the navy said flew last in 1947 - but he
didn't regard it as a forerunner to the flying saucer.
To conclude that it was, he said, "obviously the wrong
N.A.C.A. officials said the model Zimmerman developed later
became a navy craft known as the XF5U, or "flying pancake."
The navy said a full-scale experimental model never got
off the ground.
Radio Commentator Henry J. Taylor said Monday night that
many "flying saucers" really are U.S. controlled
jet fighter planes.
On his ABC broadcast, he referred to the XF5U. He called
it a navy experimental fighter of "incredible speed."
Ste. Marie, Ontario, DAILY STAR, 5 April 1950, Page 19
Existence "Flying Saucers"
KEY WEST, FLA. - (AP) - The White House Tuesday pooh-poohed
the idea of existence of "flying saucers" as a
secret weapon of the United States or any other country.
President Truman=s press secretary, Charles G. Ross, said
neither the president or any of his staff has any knowledge
whatsoever of the mysterious flying objects reported from
time to time.
you think it likely that there would be any secret weapon
project under way without the president knowing about it?"
Ross was asked.
think it extremely unlikely," he said.
Ontario, DAILY STAR, 5 October 1950, page 3
FORCE SEIZES FLYING DISC FILMS
Great Falls, Mont., Oct. 5 (AP) - Nick Mariana said today
that the United States air force has taken his color movies
of two silver discs that buzzed over a baseball park here
on Aug. 15.
Mariana said he turned the color films over to the air technical
command here at the request of a special investigator of
Mariana is the manager of the Great Falls team in the Pioneer
Baseball League. He said when he saw the discs over the
ball park, he focused his camera and photographed them.
They appear on the film for about three seconds. He said
he was advised by the investigating officials to not release
any further information concerning the film.
Bay, Ontario, DAILY NUGGET, 23 March 1954, Page 1
From Outer Space?
Deny U.S. Has Parts of "Saucer"
By VERN HAUGLAND
WASHINGTON (AP) - A spokesman today termed without basis
an assertion that the United States Air Force has recovered
pieces of "flying saucers" and just isn't telling
the public about them.
The air force position, he said, is that "given enough
factual data," every "flying saucer" report
over the last six years could be explained in natural, earthly,
don't think the so-called saucers come from outer space
or from a foreign government," the spokesman said.
Bill Nash, a Pan American World Airways pilot, told the
Greater Miami Aviation Association recently that he was
convinced that, "The air force has collected hardware
from outer space."
do not believe the air force cares to make all its findings
public so long as the United States is threatened by unfriendly
powers," Nash said.
Nash was quoted as having reported sighting unidentified
objects while flying from New York to Miami on a date not
Nash said he and his crew saw six objects, later joined
by two others.
their manoeuvres, there is no doubt in my mind these objects
were controlled by intelligent beings," Nash said.
"When you have seen them, you realize they were not
made on this planet."
The defence department officer currently handling "saucer"
queries said that to date, more than 80 per cent of the
sightings, both visual and by radar, have been identified
as of known objects. From 10 to 15 per cent had been outright
others probably could be explained if our knowledge of physics
was greater," he said. "There are many things
about the sky that science still doesn't understand."
Lake, Ontario, NORTHERN DAILY NEWS, 7 November 1957, page
Can't Find Flying Saucers
DAYTON, Ohio (AP) - An official of the air technical intelligence
centre at nearby Wright-Patterson Air Force Base says the
service has found no evidence of flying saucers in the last
The official, who declined to be identified, told the Dayton
Journal Herald Wednesday that the air force investigated
5,700 reported sightings of flying saucers between 1947-57.
And he said no landing impression or footprint or any so-called
flying saucer or crew member has been found by the air force.
Ontario, DAILY STAR, 7 November 1957, page 29
FLYING OBJECTS SIGHTED
USAF Says No Evidence Flying Saucers Exist
WASHINGTON (AP) - The U.S. Air Force says its investigations
of 5,700 reported sightings of flying saucers in the last
10 years have produced "no physical or material evidence"
that such things exist.
The defence department issued this report Wednesday night
after sightings of mysterious flying objects were reported
this week from various parts of the United States. Some
of the reported objects were said to glow with a strange
light and to have caused auto engines to stall.
Sightings of flying saucers have been reported from time
to time during the last decade. Investigation of them has
been handled by the air technical intelligence centre at
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio.
There have been suggestions that the new rash of sightings
was inspired by Russia's launching of earth satellites.
The USAF said "there is no physical or material evidence,
not even a minute fragment, that a so-called flying saucer
was ever found."
It also said there is no evidence that the alleged objects
are interplanetary space ships, that they indicate developments
beyond the range of current scientific knowledge, or that
they pose any threat to the U.S. security.
At Long Beach, Calif., Edward J. Ruppelt, who headed the
U.S. Air Force's "flying saucer detail" from 1951
to 1953, said in an interview:
my tenure we had reports of radiation and induction fields
in connection with UFO (unidentified flying objects). However,
the information was sketchy, and we never were able to pin
detailed reports by seemingly skilled observers should add
a whole new dimension to the UFO investigation."
Ruppelt said some associates believed the objects were from
outer space. He said he personally does not think there
is sufficient evidence to make any conclusion.
Ste. Marie, Ontario, DAILY STAR, 16 November 1957, Page 11
Locate Flying Saucer
WASHINGTON (AP) - The U.S. Air Force says it has looked
into five recent reports of mysterious lights and strange
objects from the sky - and there isn't a flying saucer in
The air force report Friday gave the most severe description
- "hoax" - to the most vivid of the stories that
began circulating after Soviet satellites turned attentions
skyward. This was a Kearney, Neb., man=s account of being
shown around the interior of a spaceship by its German-speaking
But the air force technical investigators also dismissed
as exaggerations or misunderstood natural phenomena stories
of a huge glowing object touching ground near Levelland,
Tex., and causing automobiles to stall; somewhat similar
reports from near Alamogordo, N.M.; bright lights seen from
a Coast Guard cutter in the Gulf of Mexico and by planes
patrolling near White Sands, N.M.
As for the various reports of automobile engines stalling
in the vicinity of mysterious objects, the report suggested
that, rather than mysterious rays, the cause likely was
thunderstorms soaking ignition systems and, in one case,
an automobile mechanic's mistake.
Ste. Marie, Ontario, DAILY STAR, 7 February 1962, Page 2
Saucers Air Force Probe Finds
WASHINGTON (AP) - The U.S. Air Force said today that after
15 years of investigating flying saucers, there is no evidence
that any of the 7,369 unidentified flying objects checked
were spacecraft swooping in from distant planets.
To date, no unidentified flying object has given any indication
of threat to the national security, the air force said in
summing up its investigations from 1947 through last year.
It said its Project Blue Book has turned up no evidence
that any of the unidentified sightings represented technological
advances "beyond the range of our present-day scientific
knowledge," or that any of the UFOs were "extraterrestrial
vehicles under intelligent controls."
At year's end, only 10 of the 1961 sightings still were
classified as unidentified. Most of the rest were traced
to aircraft, balloons, satellites, astronomical phenomena,
birds, lights, hoaxes and other causes.
Ontario, STAR, 25 September 1965, page 17
Air Force Doesn't Believe in Flying Saucers
DAYTON, Ohio (AP) - The U.S. Air Force doesn't believe in
That's not just a snap conclusion, but is based on the investigation
of more than 9,000 reported unidentified flying objects
by Project Blue Book, the air force's - and in fact the
U.S. government's - agency charged with analysis of aerial
is nothing to indicate that any of these phenomena are extraterrestrial
in nature," said Maj. Hector Quintanilla Jr., a serious,
42-year-old physicist in charge of the project.
Take, for example, the numerous sightings in at least eight
states - mostly in Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas - this summer.
Quintanilla claims the many persons who reported seeing
UFOs actually were looking at the planet Jupiter and four
prominent stars. He said atmospheric conditions "gave
them a scintillating effect" and made them appear close
together and in formation.
What about reports that Tinker Air Force Base at Oklahoma
City and the weather bureau at Wichita, Kan., spotted the
UFOs on radar?
never said they had spotted these particular UFOs,"
said they had sighted something they couldn't identify and
since everyone was seeing things, people put two and two
radar sighting at Tinker was on the opposite side of the
spectrum to the reported UFO sightings."
Fine, but what was it radar had fixed on?
building, we think at this point. An inversion - an atmospheric
condition brought on by the meeting of fronts and varying
temperatures - caused the radar beams to bounce off and
fix on something on the ground. The Tinker fix remained
stationary on the radarscope for 40 minutes, indicating
something not moving. Don't forget, the sighted UFOs were
reported as moving."
The major explained that inversions are responsible for
many UFO sightings involving radar. If the ricocheted radar
beam fixes on a truck or a train moving away from the radar
facility, he said, it gives the impression of a high-flying
first thing I do when I get a reported sighting is check
the weather in the area and my Universe."
His Universe is a large, round, movable map-like affair
on which all the planets and major stars of the universe
surround the earth. It can be moved so that the position
of any planet or star can be set to show what area it was
visible from at any given second.
He said his Universe and the weather bureau provide the
solution to the majority of UFO sightings.
Evidence compiled by Blue Book in its 18-year history places
all UFOs in one of 10 categories:
1 - High-flying balloons. "There is much balloon activity,
much of it governmental, much private. Some of them get
away and are hard to trace, but we can usually solve them
by finding out who put it up, where and the direction the
wind was blowing."
2 - High-flying aircraft, illuminated by the sun after the
sun had set on the ground.
3 - Nightly reflections in the atmosphere of distant light
sources on the ground.
4 - Satellites, both U.S. and Russian.
5 - Meteorites, fireworks, flares and chaff.
6 - Pieces of satellite decay.
decay," he said, "is a recent addition. These
are pieces of junk from satellites that fall back to earth
from space. As they pass into the atmosphere and burn up,
they give off a red-hot glow which lasts several minutes.
We have often found pieces of this decay shortly after it
was sighted, have analyzed it and identified it as from
earth satellites. These look similar to meteorites, but
travel much slower.
7 - Planets Venus and Jupiter, or other astronomical bodies.
8 - Searchlights illuminating off cloud layers and the like.
9 - Jet engine exhausts, condensation trails.
10 - Hoaxes or mirages. "So far this year, there has
been only one reported hoax."
Quintanilla admits there are 663 unsolved UFO sighting cases
- nearly half of them in the peak year of 1952, when 1,501
sightings were reported. But, he adds: "None has ever
given any indication of being a threat to our national security
. . . of being beyond the range of present-day scientific
knowledge . . . or as being extraterrestrial."
Despite his scientific approach to UFO, what does he think
of the possible existence of an advanced life in outer space?
would be egotistical for man to believe that God had chosen
earth as the only planet in the universe where he had placed
life," he said.
Ste. Marie, Ontario, DAILY STAR, 31 March 1966, Page 1
Saucers Don't Exist Official Tells Congress
WASHINGTON (UPI) - Flying saucer fans, the word from the
top at the Pentagon is that there aren't any - either ours
or somebody else's.
That's what Defence Secretary Robert S. McNamara told congressmen
Wednesday. Gen. Earle G. Wheeler, chairman of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff, said he agreed. He said all the service
chiefs did, too.
Their statements were reported by members of the House Foreign
Affairs Committee after McNamara and Wheeler testified in
support of President Johnson's $3.5 billion dollar foreign
Rep. Cornelius E. Gallagher, D-N.J., was reported to have
brought up the recent reports of saucer sightings when he
asked McNamara if he thought potential new foreign aid clients
had been trying to make contact with earth.
McNamara said he was sure this wasn't the case.
Gallagher then asked McNamara if he could "categorically
deny" the possibility that Unidentified Flying Objects
(UFO) reported seen in Michigan and elsewhere had extra-terrestrial
McNamara, who incidentally, used to make his home at Ann
Arbor where some sightings have been reported, replied that
he could deny this categorically. Members quoted him as
saying the defence department would have an intense interest
in any such manifestation because of its security aspects.
The defence chief said all reported UFO sightings had been
investigated by the military and there was no evidence to
support the theory they might be controlled vehicles from
outer space or anywhere else.
Lake, Ontario, NORTHERN DAILY NEWS, 31 March 1966, page 11
Has Open Mind About Unidentified F. O.'s
WASHINGTON (AP) - The U.S. Air Force said today it has an
open mind about unidentified flying objects and makes no
attempt to hush talk about flying saucers.
A spokesman, asked about allegations that the air force
tries to squelch UFO reports, said:
the first place, we'd be utterly foolish to try to keep
people from telling about something they've seen with their
own eyes. Our job is to explain what is seen - not necessarily
to change anybody's mind."
The air force has a special public relations office which
answers thousands of letters a year from inquisitive persons.
Last year, it turned out 3,717 replies to letters about
UFOs. The count for January and February already has run
over 800 requests for information of explanations, and scores
are being received in the wake of recent Michigan sightings.
Based on the bulk of its findings, the air force has decided
that most people do not see interplanetary space ships but
bright stars, balloons, satellites, comets, fireballs, aircraft,
moving clouds, vapor trails, missiles, reflections, mirages,
searchlights, birds, kites, spurious radar indications,
fireworks or flares.
The answers the air force has been able to turn up have
led it to these conclusions:
1. No UFO has ever given any indication of threat to U.S.
2. There is no evidence that UFO's represent technological
developments or principles beyond present-day scientific
3. There is no evidence that any UFOs are "extra-terrestrial
Ste. Marie, Ontario, DAILY STAR, 8 January 1969, Page 20
Clues On Outer Space Visit
WASHINGTON (AP) - A secret report on an investigation of
flying saucers will say there is no scientific evidence
to indicate that these unidentified flying objects are spaceships
from another world.
Informed sources told The Associated Press that this will
be the primary thrust of the report on a two-year study
by a team of non-government scientists.
The sources said the report will not claim that the study
produced proof that UFO's are not manned surveillance craft
from outer space. "You can't prove a negative,"
the sources said.
Neither, they said, will it question the possibility that
intelligent life exists beyond the earth. Instead, it will
emphasize that the investigation uncovered no scientific
evidence to support contentions by various individual scientists
and private organizations that flying saucers are visitors
from a distant planet.
The study, financed by a $500,000 grant from the air force,
was made by a team of scientists under the direction of
Dr. Edward U. Condon of the University of Colorado.
The 1,000-page report has been turned over, at the Air Force's
request, to a special appraisal committee of the National
Academy of Sciences, which refuses to divulge any information,
even the names of committee members.
Findings of the academy committee are to be attached to
the report for release by the air force, now tentatively
scheduled for Friday.
Ontario, STAR, 9 January 1969, page 1
Evidence" of Extraterrestrials
U.S. Report Shoots Down Flying Saucer
WASHINGTON (CP) - A top-level group of American scientists
today challenged theories that flying saucers are spaceships
from distant planets.
A $500,000 report commissioned by the U.S. Air Force said
a two-year investigation uncovered no evidence that flying
saucers, or unidentified flying objects (UFOs), were of
The 1,485-page report was endorsed by the National Academy
of Sciences which said there seemed to be no reason to doubt
its conclusions without evidence more convincing than now
But it seemed certain to set off a new furore from groups
which claim the air force tried to suppress information
suggesting UFOs might be real and be a threat to U.S. security.
None of the scientists involved in the investigation is
a government official or employee.
The report suggested dropping further investigations.
general conclusion is that nothing has come from the study
of UFOs in the last 21 years that has added to scientific
knowledge," the report said.
extensive study of UFOs probably cannot be justified"
at this point in the interest of science.
The scientists, headed by Colorado's Dr. Edward U. Condon,
acknowledged their conclusions are bound to stir new controversy
among flying saucer-believers as well as other dedicated
scientists who want to keep an open mind on the matter.
One of the several flying saucer groups - the National Investigations
Committee on Aerial Phenomena - scheduled a Friday news
conference to discuss the "Scientific Study of Unidentified
Flying Objects." The group charged last May the Condon
study lacked impartiality.
Among the study's major points:
- "No direct evidence whatever of a convincing nature
now exists for the claim that any UFOs represent spacecraft
visiting earth from another civilization."
- About 90 per cent of all UFO reports "prove to be
quite plausibly related to ordinary objects" such as
planes, satellites, balloons, street lights, beacons, clouds
or other natural phenomena.
- Defence needs probably could be carried out "without
the continuance" of the air force's Project Blue Book
which has investigated UFO reports since 1947, but this
is a matter for the defence department to decide.
- Suggestions by some people that the government possesses
extraterrestrial spacecraft and has their crews in secret
captivity are "fantastic nonsense."
- Allegations the government has attempted an official cover-up
of the flying saucer matter have no "actual basis whatever."
- Some public school students are being "educationally
harmed by absorbing unsound and erroneous" reading
materials on UFOs, and "we strongly recommend"
teachers stop giving them credit for reading saucer books
The scientists presented 35 cases where UFOs were photographed,
or appeared to have been.
Nine were said to give evidence of "probable fabrication,"
seven of possible fabrication, seven were classified as
natural or man-made phenomena and 12 provide insufficient
data for analysis.
None proved to be "real objects with high strangeness."
Since the air force's Project Blue Book began investigating
"flying saucers" in 1947, there have been 12,097
UFO sightings, 697 of which remain "unidentified."
The report covered case studies of 59 UFO reports, recounted
the history of UFO sightings, looked at UFO study programs
in foreign countries and focused on 20 years of past U.S.
study of UFO phenomena.
UFO reports around the world vary so greatly, the report
said, "it is impossible" to relate them to a single
means that a general explanation peculiar to any one country
has to be ruled out, since it is utterly improbable that
the secret military aircraft of any one country for example
would be undergoing test flights in different countries,"
the report stated.
it is most unlikely that military forces of different countries
would be testing similar developments all over the world
at the same time in secrecy from each other."
Ste. Marie, Ontario, DAILY STAR, 9 January 1969, Page 1
UFOs Not Ships From New Earth
By DONALD H. MAY
WASHINGTON (UPI) - Man cannot expect to be visited by space
ships from other solar systems in the next 10,000 years,
and probably not even then, according to a scientific study
for the Air Force made public today.
The University of Colorado study on "Unidentified Flying
Objects" (UFOs) concluded that "no direct evidence
whatever of a convincing nature now exists for the claim
that any UFOs represent spacecraft visiting earth from another
The 1,500-page report, compiled under a two-year Air Force
contract, hedged by saying that its conclusion, based on
present evidence, was not a prediction for the future.
But it then went on to think some cosmic thoughts on the
vastness of the universe, the comparatively tiny technological
achievements of man and the extreme unlikelihood of interstellar
travel as practised routinely in science fiction.
of men over interstellar distances in the foreseeable future
seems now to be quite out of the question," said study
director Dr. Edward U. Condon, physics professor at Colorado
and former head of the National Bureau of Standards, in
a summary chapter.
The report noted that the vastness of space is such that,
based on the speed of light, "The news of Christ's
life on earth could not yet have reached as much as a tenth
of the distance from the earth to the centre of our galaxy."
beings now know enough to destroy all life on earth,"
it said, "and they may lack the intelligence to work
out social controls to keep themselves from doing so. If
other civilizations have the same limitation, then it might
be that they develop to the point where they destroy themselves
utterly before they have developed the technology needed
to enable them to make long space voyages."
The report estimated that a civilization=s life span might
be 100,000 years (the geological age of the earth is some
5 billion years) and said it was extremely unlikely that
two nearby civilizations in interstellar space would reach
a peak of development at the same time.
. . . We consider that it is safe to assume that no ILE
(Intelligent Life Elsewhere) outside of our solar system
has any possibility of visiting earth in the next 10,000
years," the report said.
is regarded by scientists today as essentially certain that
ILE exists," the report said, "but with essentially
no possibility of contact between the communities on planets
associated with different stars. We therefore conclude that
there is no relation between ILE at other solar systems
and UFO phenomenon as observed on earth."
This, it said, leaves only the question of travel to earth
from other planets in our own solar system. Of these, it
said, only Venus and Mars seem capable of supporting life.
It said Venus is too hot for advanced life though "some
primitive forms may exist." It said astronomers generally
now reject the idea of any intelligent life on Mars.
The report declared: "Our general conclusion is that
nothing has come from the study of UFOs in the past 21 years
that has added to scientific knowledge. Careful consideration
of the record as it is available to us leads us to conclude
that further extensive study of UFOs probably cannot be
justified in the expectation that science will be advanced
No evidence was reported of U.S. government "secrecy"
on UFOs, and no evidence that they are a defence hazard.
The report saw no need for a new federal agency to study
the subject, and no need for the Air Force to continue to
maintain a special unit to study UFOs. It suggested that
the Air Force only continue "intelligence and surveillance"
from its bases. But it said this was a question for defence
officials to answer.
Ontario, STAR, 15 November 1975, page 1
'yes' then 'no'
No pictures taken of UFO
There were no photographs taken of the Sudbury UFO Tuesday
morning, a base spokesman at CFS Falconbridge now says.
On Tuesday, The Star was told by North American Air Defence
command (NORAD) District 22 headquarters at North Bay to
contact national defence headquarters in Ottawa for information
about the UFO. A spokesman there said one of the station
personnel had grabbed a camera and taken a picture of the
bright object in the southern sky.
The Star was told: "They weren't sure how the photographs
would turn out."
Later Tuesday afternoon the public information office at
headquarters in Ottawa told The Star that it was all right
for the photographs to be released to the press. When contacted,
the Falconbridge base said the photographs, which had not
been developed, could be picked up Wednesday morning.
When The Star called Falconbridge Wednesday morning Major
Robert Oliver said there had been no photographs taken,
nor any messages sent to Ottawa that mentioned photographs.
He said he had investigated and had found "no one who
had grabbed a camera."
On Friday The Star received a message to call the Falconbridge
radar base and was told again, "definitely no photographs
were ever taken."
The base spokesman added: "Since the object was 30
nautical miles away, any photographs probably wouldn't have
turned out anyway." (Thirty nautical miles equals 36
statute miles, the kind most of us are familiar with.)
Ontario, STAR, 24 January 1979, page ? Editorial
We have no idea how many unidentified flying objects might
have been sighted in the Sudbury district in the close-to-100
years that have passed since permanent settlements developed
here, but there have probably been a few dozen reported.
Among the more recent occasions when people were seeing
things - and the phrase can be taken in either of its two
meanings - was in mid-November, 1975, a little more than
three years ago. Things appeared on the radar screens of
the armed forces base near Falconbridge and the NORAD complex
at North Bay. At least eight policemen claimed to have seen
strange things in the night sky. Ordinary people spotted
flashing lights and unusual shapes too.
Sightings were spread out over two nights and American F-106
fighter-interceptor planes swooped over Sudbury from bases
in northern Michigan. The North Bay NORAD base would have
provided planes, but did not have any properly equipped
for tracking down unknown objects described in many different
What was it or were they? Because of its persistency on
radar screens and descriptions of speed and appearance,
the head of a government-sponsored UFO investigation group
in Chicago said it was definitely no hoax. A National Research
Council expert in Ottawa said it was the planets Jupiter
and Venus. Local policemen said if he thought that he was
Know what they were seeing all along? Crystallized ice in
the atmosphere, that's what. But that enlightening tidbit
is not a part of the story as it unfolded back in 1975.
That's the pronouncement of the National Research Council
. . . made public just this week.
That's reversing the field on the Jupiter-Venus opinion
given at the time, but better right and late than wrong
for evermore. It's fascinating to ruminate on all the heavy
thinking going on all through those three years in the Ottawa
clippings courtesy of The Sault Star, The Timmins Daily
Press, The Kirkland Lake Northern Daily News, The North
Bay Nugget and The Sudbury Star.