M. Deschamps - Director
of Terminology and Abbreviations
Bay, Ontario, DAILY NUGGET, 27 December 1949, Pages 1 &
Earth Is Studied From Another Planet
NEW YORK, Dec. 27 - (AP) - A sensational claim that so-called
"flying saucers" are space vehicles from another
planet today kindled new controversy on the subject.
The United States Air Force promptly discounted the claim.
A spokesman said:
force studies of 'flying saucers' lend no support to the
view that they come from another planet."
The assertion that the flying discs are used by visitors
from another planet was made by True Magazine in an article
it calls the "most important true story we have ever
It was written for the January issue by Donald E. Keyhoe,
a former information chief for the aeronautics branch of
the U.S. Commerce Department.
The magazine, saying its conclusions were based on an eight-month
the past 175 years, the planet earth has been under systematic
close-range examination by living, intelligent observers
from another planet."
intensity of this observation, and the frequency of the
visits to the earth's atmosphere, by which it is being conducted,
have increased markedly in the past two years."
The flying discs, Keyhoe writes, vary "in no important
particular from well-developed American plans for the exploration
of space expected to come to fruition within the next 50
years. There is reason to believe, however, that some other
space of thinking beings is a matter of 2¼ centuries
ahead of us."
The article says that "project saucer," operated
by U.S. Army Air Force Investigators and charged with solving
the mystery, "are receiving and evaluating" reports
of sighted flying discs at the rate of 12 a month.
True learned, Keyhoe says, that a "rocket authority
stationed at Wright Field has told 'project saucer' personnel
flatly that the saucers are interplanetary and that no other
conclusion is possible."
The magazine says the interplanetary vehicles are of three
main types - a small, non-pilot carrying disc-shaped aircraft
equipped with some form of television or impulse transmitter;
a metallic, disc-shaped aircraft operating on a helicopter
principle, and a dirigible-shaped, wingless aircraft.
is the opinion of True," the article states, "that
the flying saucers are real and that they come from no enemy
Bay, Ontario, DAILY NUGGET, 16 April 1952, Page 3
Men from Other Planets Hovering in Saucers? Well, Maybe
By ALAN HARVEY
If you should wake up tomorrow
morning and find little men in quaint blue suits swarming
all over the blankets, don't reach for a broom or a shotgun.
Take down from the shelf a volume called "Behind the
Flying Saucers," by Frank Scully, and peruse with care,
intermittently brushing the visitors from the bed.
We secured a copy of "Behind the Flying Saucers"
(No. 326, Popular Library) yesterday, after publication
of a story in this newspaper quoting personnel of RCAF Station
North Bay as having seen "flying saucers" on at
least two occasions.
That the airmen saw what they claimed they saw we have no
doubt, and although Ottawa hasn't said so, it seems to have
little doubt of the incidents either, since the high brass
has not issued any white-hot or otherwise statements which
boil down to "baloney."
About "Behind the Flying Saucers," we are more
inclined to take vanilla, but it must be admitted that Mr.
Scully gives names, places and word for word quotes throughout
To head off the more confirmed skeptics, he opens his author's
preface by quoting Hamlet as follows: "There are more
things in Heaven and Earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of
in your philosophy." And, if that was true in Will
Shakespeare's day, how much more so now!
The more spectacular incident at the North Bay air station
occurred last Saturday night. Warrant Officer First Class
E. H. Rossell, an aircraft maintenance superintendent with
13 years service, and Flt. Sgt. Reg McRae, of RCAF Station
Weston, had just left Rossell's home in the married quarters
area, and were driving in to North Bay.
Suddenly, they spotted a bright amber disk racing across
the sky over the field. Get this - the disk STOPPED, hovered
for a brief time, and then took off in the direction from
which it had come, at terrific speed and a 30-degree angle.
There were no aircraft in the air at the time, a check showed,
and even if there were, aircraft as we know them don't stop
on a dime at supersonic speed, hang around for a while,
and then take off again.
What was it? Well, read on; then conclude.
Last week, LIFE ran an article detailing no less than 10
authenticized incidents of so-called flying saucers being
spotted in the States. Most of the incidents occurred in
the U.S., where the majority of flying saucer activity is
said to be.
However, Warrant Officer First Class W. J. Yeo, one of the
men who sighted the first flying saucer over RCAF Station
North Bay last January, said yesterday that he had heard
of previous strange appearances of the disks from other
air force people. For example, when he was in Resolute Bay,
way up near the North Pole, he recalled "lots of guff
being shot around" about strange flying machines cavorting
over the polar bears. "It wasn't an aircraft we saw,"
he said of the January incident. "I've been looking
at them for 16 years, and that was no aircraft that I know
of. For lack of a better description, we called it a flying
But about "Behind the Flying Saucers." Scully
points out that authorities in the U.S., while they would
just as soon forget the matter or class it as an extended
nightmare, can't do it, for the simple reason that the mystery
is not that simple.
He does a good job of writing the book, so we'll just heist
a few excerpts as they are:
Excerpt 1: "I have talked to men of science
who have told me that they have not only seen them (flying
saucers) but have examined several. (Scully admits he never
saw a flying saucer, up or down). I have tried to the best
of my ability to find flaws in their stories. But to date
(1950) I have not succeeded in placing them in any of three
categories laid down by the U.S. air force."
Excerpt 2: TRUE (The Magazine), said Keyhoe's article,
was the most important it had ever published, was 'utterly
true' and 'could document every occurrence reported.' Among
its conclusions were:
That our planet has been under systematic observation for
175 years, with a greater intensification since 1947."
. . TRUE didn't believe the ships (three types are listed)
were operated by any means of propulsion unknown to us,
but that the operators were 225 years ahead of us in their
thinking. This ruled out the likelihood of their being designed
by today's aerodynamic engineers."
Excerpt 3: I met him shortly afterward. (Him was
a prominent American doctor of science who Scully calls
Dr. Gee). He was the man who told us the whole story of
the first flying saucer that had landed in the United States.
. . When they found it, it was in a very rocky, high plateau
territory, east of Aztec, New Mexico."
(Scully now quotes the doctor). "Apparently, there
was no door to what unquestionably was the cabin. The outside
surface showed no marking of any sort, except for a broken
porthole, which appeared on first examination to be of glass.
On closer examination, we found it a good deal different
than any glass in this country. Finally, we took a large
pole and rammed a hole through this defect in the ship."
done this, we looked into the interior. There, we were able
to count 16 bodies, that ranged in size from 36 to 42 inches."
. . We took the little bodies out, and laid them on the
ground. We examined them and their clothing. I remember
one of our team saying, 'That looks like the style of 1890.'
We examined the bodies very closely and very carefully.
They were normal from every standpoint, and had no appearance
of being what we call on this planet 'midgets.'"
. . The overall dimensions of the ship were found to be
a fraction short of 100 feet. From the outer tip of the
wing, which was entirely circular, to the bottom of the
saucer, measuring in an imaginary line vertically, was 27
inches. The cabin which was entirely round, was 18 feet
across, and 72 inches in height."
That's enough of the verbatim copy. We'll summarize the
rest of the excerpt. Scully wrote that the bodies were dissected,
and found to be exactly the same as humans, except that
the teeth were "perfect." The ship was dismantled
after a good deal of trouble, and examined by scientists.
Scully also includes a lengthy treatment of the details
of the finding of two other ships in the U.S. All very interesting.
For example, more than 150 tests failed to break down the
metal of the gears found in one of the "saucers."
Still think flying saucers are a lot of bunko? Well could
be, but don't be surprised if that knock on the door isn't
the Fuller Brush man.
Bay, Ontario, DAILY NUGGET, 21 December 1953, Page 7
Convinced They're Manned
"Saucers" Are Serious Business
EDITOR'S NOTE: The following article tells of the flying
saucer research work of Donald Keyhoe, former U.S. air force
major. Mr. Keyhoe will be in North Bay next month to address
the annual meeting of the North Bay Chamber of Commerce.
His subject will be "Flying Saucers from Outer Space".
NEA Staff Correspondent
WASHINGTON (NEA) - There has been a revolution in America's
attitude on flying saucers.
That's the belief of Donald E. Keyhoe. It's based on changed
reactions to his two books, "Flying Saucers Are Real",
published in 1950, and his current best seller, "Flying
Saucers from Outer Space".
Keyhoe, a lean serious sharp-featured individual, admits
he was publicly rated a screwball after his first book.
Today, he says, due to what he calls a public conviction
there's really something to all the saucer sightings, he
finds himself generally regarded as an expert on the subject.
He's in demand for serious TV and radio performances, lectures
and technical advice. Each morning, an average of 20 letters
are delivered to his home near Mt. Vernon "from serious,
respectable and honest persons," reporting sightings
and offering additional information on saucers.
thing that astonishes me most," he says, "is the
number of persons who spend a lot of money to call me up
long distance from all over the country to report sightings
and other information in great detail."
If the flow of new information on the subject continues,
he believes, he will have enough new material for another
book, although when he finished the last one, he had intended
to drop the saucer subject.
The most impressive new information on unidentified flying
objects which he has received since the new book is from
commercial and military pilots.
Fourteen airline pilots have reported recently seeing unidentifiable
flying objects "which are just impossible to dismiss",
especially, was from a captain who has been flying airliners
for 15 years. He saw a light maneuvering and flying around
over Lake Michigan. We both agreed from his report that
it couldn't have been anything we know about as natural
phenomena or aircraft. And the other reports from these
men seem to follow the same pattern", Keyhoe explains.
Proof of the importance of airline pilots' sightings, Keyhoe
believes is the new Air Force plan to have them report all
sightings immediately, by voice. A new communications system
is being set for this purpose to take care of such messages
from all over the world.
proves how interested the Air Force is in this matter,"
he says. Further, he claims, the saucer subject has suddenly
become a very hot one among airline pilots. There are hostile
camps of believers and disbelievers in the group, he reveals.
pilots now don't like to talk about their sightings in public
for fear of bad airline or Air Force Reaction," he
insists, "but they come to me because they know they
can trust me not to reveal anything they tell me in confidence."
Both the Air Line Pilots Association and the airlines have
pledged the Air Force full cooperation in the new program
Another impressive collection of evidence Keyhoe produces
is a growing stack of letters from Air Force pilots. A great
many add bits of support and new facts on specific sightings
mentioned in his book.
Only a very few letters from Air Force officers challenge
his premise that saucers are both real and from outer space.
Many of them are sharply critical of the way the Air Force
has been treating the subject.
A major writes!
do not report sightings because we know the critical reception
we get when we do. The word is out that if you report seeing
a flying saucer, it could hold up a promotion."
Keyhoe now finds himself a sort of unofficial reporting
point for all saucer sightings. "The commercial and
military pilots, and ordinary civilians tell me about these
things because they have learned that I won't make fun of
them and that I will try to put their information to good
The Air Force and Keyhoe have a kind of cold war going on
over the question. He thinks the Air Force is not being
frank with the public and is covering up what it knows.
The Air Force blames the recent flurry of sightings on his
book and unofficially thinks he has exploited the question
beyond its true importance.
Keyhoe claims that he has yet to get rich off flying saucers.
He says he lost money on research between books and that
if he had never written on the subject, he'd be better off
Looking to the future, Keyhoe believes the new Canadian
saucer observatory at Shirley Bay near Ottawa should produce
the most reliable new information. It consists of complicated
electronic devices which automatically set off a battery
of movie cameras when minute changes in gamma radiation,
magnetism, gravity and other natural phenomena occur in
In addition to that, Keyhoe believes that somebody should
start trying to communicate with these things when they
He is convinced there are intelligent beings inside.
Bay, Ontario, NUGGET, 20 April 1967, Page 3
saucers exist, Soviets say
MOSCOW (AP) - A Soviet scientist says there may really be
such things as flying saucers from outer space.
Soviet radar screens have detected unidentified flying objects
for 20 years, he says.
But Soviet scientists, like their colleagues in the West,
are still puzzled about what such UFOs really are.
The scientist, identified only as F. Zigel, was writing
in the current issue of the illustrated Soviet youth magazine
He offered five possible explanations for UFOs, including
visitors from outer space. He called this alternative "extremely
Zigel was identified as one of the editors of a book, Inhabited
Cosmos, being prepared for publication here. The book will
discuss the possibility of living beings in space and efforts
to communicate with them.
In his magazine article, Zigel said the Angel Echo, a UFO
detected by radar, is constantly observed by scientists
at the Central Aerological Observatory near Moscow.
Similar observations, he said, have been made in the United
States, Australia, India and Japan.
He rejected the idea that birds, insects or plant seeds
could cause such reactions on radar screens.
Zigel said there could be no doubt that UFOs exist "but
the nature of these objects is still not understandable
Then he listed these five possible explanations:
1. Nonsense or invention. He said there was some untruth
here, citing reports of people who claimed to have ridden
in flying saucers and others who threw hats in the air and
then photographed "saucers." But he rejected this
alternative as killing the question rather than solving
2. An optical illusion related to the distribution of light
in the earth's atmosphere, such as a rainbow. The UFO, he
said, is more complicated than that, however.
3. A new secret flying apparatus of one of the military
powers on earth. "No one holds this view now,"
4. An unknown phenomena of nature, just as radioactivity
was unknown until the end of the last century. In this context,
ionized particles and charged particles of dust in the atmosphere
were given as a possible explanation. But, Zigel said, this
does not explain the color or manoeuvrability of UFOs or
their appearance in good weather.
5. Space ships from an advanced civilization on another
planet. Zigel said the speed of UFOs supports this theory.
So does what he called "the fact" that no UFOs
were ever reliably reported to have landed.
Zigel called for an "all-sided, thorough, scientific
exploration" to clear up the origin of UFOs once and
Ste. Marie, Ontario, STAR, 24 July 1978, Page 13
link disappearance to UFOs
area of concentration of these kinds of odd accidents are
southern Lake Michigan, western Lake Erie and eastern Lake
Superior. Southern Lake Michigan and western Lake Erie are
predictable because those are areas of very heavy traffic,
especially air traffic. Eastern Lake Superior is not. It's
a desolate area . . . some very strange things happen there."
- Jay Gourley, author of The Great Lakes Triangle.
Until 1975, Ron and Edith Leuschen were inclined to laugh
off stories about extra-terrestrial beings which whisk people
away from the earth.
Then, one July evening north of Batchawana, their son Brian
vanished with his car and its contents.
The Leuschens were left without any explanation - only theories.
And they admit the most likely is that, for some reason,
Brian's car left the road and plunged into the cold blue
depths of Lake Superior.
But after reading a book about strange occurrences on and
above the Great Lakes, the Winnipeg couple has given thought
to another theory - that Brian's disappearance is linked
to the presence of unidentified flying objects.
seems impossible that they haven't found out more than they
have about these objects," says the father, ".
. . I believe that are actual."
The book they read was The Great Lakes Triangle, a paperback
published last year. The 192-page volume is a compilation
of shipping and aviation accidents in the area of the five
Great Lakes. All have no logical explanation, it says.
But one person who isn't ready to point to UFOs as the cause
of the accidents is the book's author, Jay Gourley.
not much of an expert on UFOs," he said in an interview
from his home in Washington, D.C., "and in fact my
own opinion is that most people who are UFO buffs are a
little bit shaky."
But the freelance writer and former commercial pilot adds
quickly that many people who aren't "shaky" -
including some respected scientists - believe in the presence
of extraterrestrial intelligence.
all sounds very far out," says Mr. Gourley. "I
don't want to dismiss it, and at the same time I'm not ready
to accept it either."
He expresses the same views in his book, noting that in
the course of his research and writing, many asked what
really caused the events. His only answer: "I do not
Mr. Gourley says he took pains not to play up the UFO angle
to avoid damaging the book's credibility. But one chapter
on theories recounts ideas put forward in The Bermuda Triangle,
the Charles Berlitz book that outlined strange cases in
the area between Florida and the Caribbean.
One theory is that large, unknown magnetic fields affect
compass readings, throwing sailors and pilots off course.
Others go further, suggesting space vortices that swallow
objects, or kidnapping by alien beings.
Another section of Great Lakes Triangle deals with UFO sightings
at the same time as disappearances or disasters - strange
lights in the sky, uncertain requests by pilots for radar
confirmation of high-flying objects, mysterious blips on
One occurred in the eastern Superior region, a roughly circular
area bounded by Keweenaw Peninsula, which extends into the
southern half of the lake, Whitefish Bay and Michipicoten.
In 1953, a U.S. Air Force F-86 jet interceptor with two
aboard "instantly disappeared forever," the book
to some students of that inconceivable event, the F-86 was
destroyed by a UFO it had been sent to intercept. The Air
Force will not confirm this."
Reports said the plane was followed on radar until it merged
with an object 70 miles off Keweenaw point. No trace was
found of the airmen, jet or UFO.
Later, the Air Force speculated that the pilot was stricken
with vertigo and crashed into the lake. But it didn't explain
why the pilot didn't switch on automatic pilot until the
vertigo passed, or why the second-in-command didn't take
Officials told the Sault Star at the time that the plane
- which it identified as an F-89 all-weather Scorpion -
had been sent to intercept an RCAF flight from Winnipeg
to North Bay as part of a training program.
According to the book, the incident wasn't the only time
the Air Force jets were sent after UFOs.
It happened again on Nov. 11, 1975, after objects were spotted
over the North Shore of Lake Huron by North American Air
Defence Command (NORAD) radar. One object shot upward from
26,000 to 45,000 feet, stayed there for a short time and
then rose quickly to 72,000 feet.
Sudbury regional police officers and residents reported
seeing mysterious lights in the sky. (Regional constable
John Marsh confirmed in an interview that he observed the
lights, but said he found out later the brightest was the
planet Saturn. The other lights? "That part I can't
Mr. Gourley says two F-106 interceptors were scrambled from
Michigan's Selfridge Air Force Base but could not make visual
the most startling aspect of this unexplainable sighting
is that it began less than six hours after the Edmund Fitzgerald
unexplainably and instantly vanished from the face of Lake
Superior only 100 miles to the east," he says.
Not all the incidents in the Superior circle, however, were
connected to UFO sightings.
Mr. Gourley outlines the case of a twin-engined Cessna 310
which took off from Kenora in 1976. Approaching the Sault
airport with no reported problems, it made a gradual landing
into the St. Mary's River near Gros Cap, three miles short.
The four occupants, men from Western Canada, drowned after
escaping the sinking craft.
Investigators were unable to give a specific cause, but
said there was a possibility the pilot - who had more than
13,000 hours flying time - had been confused by a false
horizon. The condition exists in flying over a dark area
- such as water - with an upslope or higher terrain ahead.
Witnesses said there was some fog but visibility extended
up to four miles.
The book lists other air crashes, and describes the 1908
disappearance of the D. M. Clemson, a 5,531-ton steamer.
Carrying a load of coal, the ship passed through the Sault
locks with another steamer into Lake Superior. The two parted
and the Clemson was never again seen.
In 1918, two of three minesweepers built for the French
government set out from a Fort William (Thunder Bay) shipyard.
Visibility diminished and the ships were separated. Only
one made it to the Sault.
There have been other accidents in the area too recent to
have made the book, including the disappearance of a pair
of Toronto-area men reported missing last November on a
flight from Marathon to Maple, Ont.
The men in the single-engine Rockwell Commander did not
file a flight plan but were believed headed in the direction
of Wawa with intentions of passing by Sault Ste. Marie.
A 24-day search that cost an estimated $1.4 million was
The plane could be at the bottom of Lake Superior, along
with the wreckage of the other planes, the ships and, possibly,
Brian Leuschen's Volkswagen.
But until the car is found, Brian's parents will continue
to wonder whether something beyond their understanding was
know you can go to any length to try to keep your reason
when something like this happens," his father says.
"You have to be honest with yourself . . . but nothing
is certain. The only thing certain is death. You just don't
clippings courtesy of The Sault Star, The Timmins Daily
Press, The Kirkland Lake Northern Daily News, The North
Bay Nugget and The Sudbury Star.